Common Types of Arm & Forearm Fractures in Kids

Common Types of Arm & Forearm Fractures in Kids

If your child has suffered from a forearm fracture in any form, it is advised to visit a good orthopaedic doctor for better evaluation and treatment. An orthopaedic is a specialist who deals with joint and bone problems and solutions.

Types of Child Arm fracture

There could be different reasons for the breaking of bone among children. The types also depend upon the type of fracture.

  • Non-Displaced Fracture: It happens when the bone completely breaks away whereas the end remains linked and line up to each other
  • Greenstick Fracture: It happens when the bone bends to one side, but it remains intact and never break free from either side
  • Displaced Fracture: When the broken pieces of bones do not line up
  • Growth Plate Fracture: In case of any breakage through or near a growth plate. It is the soft side of the bone and as a child grows, the bone also grows. Any injury in the growth plate takes time to complete healing. Sometimes injuries in the growth plate are difficult to treat.

There is an open fracture that is through the skin and is called a compound fracture. However, there are also closed fracture which does not come through the skin.

Treatment of Child Arm Fractures

The child fractured arm and elbow treatments depend on the location, type as well we severity of the fracture. There are some home and medical remedies which can be taken to provide immediate relief to the child:

  • You need to ice the affected area for some 15 to 20 minutes and that 3 to 4 times a day. It can reduce swelling and pain. You can also make a cold slab at home by putting ice bags in a plastic bag and close them from the top. You then put the bag in a clean towel or any soft cloth which does not irritate. Make sure you always cover the ice slab and never expose it directly to the skin or make skin contact. The same can be put on an affected skin safely.
  • You can make a child wear cast for some 3 to 6 weeks even, depending upon the injury.
  • You can ask your child to lift his/her arm a bit to bring the swelling down. Keep the level of the forearm above the level of the heart, also reduces swelling.

Sometimes, fractures also look for closed reduction, which means bringing together the broken pieces of bones back to their alignment level. There is as such no incision needed for the process and it is mainly done outside the body part. In the case of severe fracture, joint fracture or even growth plate, surgery procedure is required. The fixation devices are also made a part of the broken limb during surgery so it could hold back the broken part of the arm. All this is prescribed by the doctor or specialist and is done some 3 to 6 weeks after performing a surgical procedure.

Above mentioned procedures are meant for the healing of the fractured arm. It is pertinent to mention that a medical specialist determines what needs to be done depending upon the type and intensity of the injury on the arm. Parents need to be careful when dealing with a child arm fracture and listen to what the doctor advice.

Everything You Need to Know About Arm Fractures in Children

Everything You Need to Know About Arm Fractures in Children

The forearm is present between the elbow and the wrist. It is mainly composed of two main bones, i.e., ulna and radius. Among kids, forearms are a common and essential part of the child’s body. As many as 40 per cent of the kid’s fracture happen in the forearm part. 3 out of 4 total fractures also occur in between the radius and wrist part of the forearm.

When children participate in some sports or outdoor events, they do come across forearm fractures. Sometimes while play, kids fall either on an outstretched arm or on a tumble, resulting in the fracture. The bones of kids heal rapidly as compared to adult but as soon as a child gets hurt, it is better to start the healing process to avoid any further child arm fractures in future.

Studying the Anatomy of Arm Fracture Amongst Children

The anatomy of the forearm is such it is made up of two main bones, i.e., ulna and radius. The placement of Ulna is on the finger side which is pinky whereas the radius is present on the thumb side of the hand. Normally growth plates are present on the cartilaginous area on the longer portion of the adolescent and children bones. The growth of the bone starts from the growth plate rather than from the centre portion. The bone structure becomes harder and mature with a growing child. Also, the growth plates become solid and hard bones. Similarly, growth plates are present on both sides of the ulna and radius.

Why Do Fractures in the Forearm Occur?

There could be several reasons for the fracture. For me, the root cause of the fracture is Children being children. Kids love to play, jump, tumble, hop, skipe and run around all day long. They never sit or function in one position for long. They need to do different activities, all around which can cause them to fall, hit or sometimes hurt them. In literature, the forearm fracture occurs due to the following reasons:

  1. When kids fall on a hard floor with an outstretched arm
  2. When a child falls on his/her forearm directly
  3. When there is a direct blow to the forearm of a child

Symptoms of a Forearm Fracture

In the case of forearm fracture in children, the following happens:

  1. There is severe pain in the damaged and affected arm.
  2. Sometimes it starts with numbness, or severe pain and any potential sign of injury in a nerve.
  3. There could also be redness around the area or some swelling.
  4. The affected area could be deformed or develop some lump.
  5. When a child finds it hard to move their arm.

If there is any chance your child has a fracture, you need to be very careful, so it doesn’t get worse, or the skin doesn’t irritate. Since kids bones heal immediately, thus posture of a child should be kept intact so it doesn’t go away. With constant monitoring and care, the child can get back to all normal activities. The broken arm can well be managed and restored with utmost care.

smart toilet singapore

Guide to Buying a Smart Toilet for Your Home

Do you live in Singapore? Do you want to make your bathroom look stylish and modern? If yes, you should consider investing in a smart toilet.

Unlike regular toilets, smart toilets come with an array of features and are super comfortable to use. Even more, they are water efficient and can add a touch of class to any bathroom.

If you are considering upgrading your toilet to a smart one, but don’t really know much about smart toilets, you are going to benefit from this article.

The following article by Brenna Miles is basically a how-to guide to buying a smart toilet.

What Is a Smart Toilet and Should You Buy One?

A smart toilet is a device with many built-in features such as an automatic dryer, heated seat, and more. For smart homes around the world, smart toilets are becoming the norm, but are they really worth purchasing one? Read more here.

Surely, you now know a thing or two about the history, types, and features of smart toilets. You also now know some pros and cons of owning a smart toilet in Singapore. Since you are new to smart toilets, you are likely going to have loads of questions about the smart toilet market in Singapore and a few other things. Read the next article to find out more.

The following article by Marketresearch sheds light on some intricate details about the smart toilet market size in Singapore.

 Smart Toilet Market Size

A smart toilet is defined as a toilet device that automatically opens up and flushes atoilet or urinal when finished. It comprises of hardware components such as water jets, bottom washers, blow dryers, and artificial flush sounds to mask noises.  Read more here.  

As can be seen from the above article, the smart toilet market is growing massively in Singapore and other parts of the world. Increasing urbanization, energy conservation, and rising awareness of water conservation and a few other factors have contributed massively to the growth of the smart toilet market in Singapore.

The following article by Hong Xinying will give you a clear picture of what bathrooms will look like in the future.

What Will Bathrooms Of The Future Look Like?

Given the growing ubiquity of smart home devices, it’s quite evident that technology will continue to shape the ways we live, work, and play—and good design will help make it a more seamless part of our daily livesRead more here.

The above article is indeed an eye-opener and a must-read for Singaporeans who love technology and luxury. The article brought to life how technology is going to transform the way bathrooms are going to look in the future. As the years gradually go by, more and more amazing bathroom designs are definitely going to spring up.


Smart toilets are currently taking center stage in Singapore, as a lot of people are purchasing it each day.

As you likely now know, smart toilets have a lot more to offer than regular toilets. They feature everything from an automatic lid, seat warmer, and night light, just to mention a few.

Granted, smart toilets are somewhat pricy, but that shouldn’t deter you from purchasing them. You see, smart toilet has a lot of amazing features and functions that are definitely going to impress you.

toilet bowls in singapore

Revamp Your Bathroom by Investing in a Luxurious and Modern Toilet Bowl

Aren’t you tired of seeing the old, ugly, and outdated toilet bowl in your bathroom? If yes, you need to make plans to change it as soon as possible.

Investing in a modern toilet bowl will not only help you conserve water but will also make your bathroom look better.

That said, you need to keep in mind that not all toilet bowls on the market are great and can make your bathroom look magnificent.

The truth is that only modern toilet bowls and designs can take your bathroom from good to better. Anything less won’t make much of a difference.

The following article by Watelier sheds light on some of the most sought after luxury bathroom accessories in Singapore.

These Are the Most Sought-After Bathroom Accessories in a Luxury Bathroom Renovation

Thinking of renovating your house? That’s a smart investment idea because Singapore real estate is the second most expensive in the worldRead more here.

As you likely saw in the above article, luxurious bathroom accessories aren’t cheap. But that shouldn’t deter you from purchasing them, as they are of high quality and will last for years and years to come. Even more, they will add a touch of sophistication to your bathroom. Whether you want to buy a luxury toilet bowl or a regular one, it is wise that you buy from popular brands with good track records.

The following article by Benetay unveils some of the best toilet accessories brands in Singapore.

Toilet Accessories (Brands to Recommend)

After researching a bit online, here are some observations I have made which also concluded myself to purchase the stated brand for bathroom accessories. Read more here.

You surely now know some of the leading toilet bowl brands in Singapore like Kohler, Moen, Hansgrohe, Grohe, and Kraus, just to mention a few. What sets these brands aside from others out there is the quality of the product they produce. If you are looking for a store that sells toilet accessories manufactured by these brands, you are going to find the next article useful.

The following article by Admin unveils some of the best places to buy toilet bowls and bathroom fixtures in Singapore.

Top 5 Places to buy toilet bowls

One of the bathrooms bare necessities in our homes, offices, and schools, the toilet bowl. Whether you are working, studying, or simply staying at home, the toilet bowl is one of the– Read more here.

As can seem in the above article, there are a lot of stores that sell toilet bowls in Singapore. If you plan on buying a luxury toilet bowl, you should buy them from any of the five sanitary ware shops listed in the article. Because these stores have tons of positive reviews from homeowners and plumbers, you can be confident that the products they offer are of high quality.

Final note

Investing in a modern or luxury toilet bowl is a great way to add a touch of class and sophistication to the bathroom and conserve water.

Regardless of the toilet bowl or accessory you want to purchase, you should purchase it at any of the stores unveiled in this article.  

Because these stores have a good track record, you can be sure that anything you buy from them is of high quality.

toilet bowl singapore

A Definitive Guide to Choosing the Right Toilet Bowl for Your Bathroom in Singapore

How do you feel when you enter your bathroom?

If you feel uneasy and want to leave as quickly as possible, chances are, it is in bad condition.

A simple way to revamp your bathroom and make it more appealing to the eyes is by changing your toilet bowl.

See, you don’t have to change your toilet bowl only when it is faulty. If it is old and doesn’t really match with the décor of your home, you should consider upgrading it.

As you likely know, there are numerous top-notch stores that offer premium quality toilet bowls in Singapore

Visiting any of them without learning a thing or two about what makes a good toilet bowl is by no means a good idea, as you may end up purchasing the wrong toilet bowl for your bathroom.

The following article by Sghomeneeds contains basically everything you need to about toilet bowls.

How to Select the Right Toilet Bowl for Your Bathroom

When you are renovating your bathroom or choosing sanitary for a bathroom of your new house, you have several decisions to makeRead more here.

The above article is indeed an eye-opener and a must-read for anyone clueless about toilet bowls. The article brought to light everything from the main types of toilet bowls in Singapore to some critical factors to consider before choosing any toilet bowl. If you come across two or more high-quality toilet bowls and can’t choose between them, you are going to find the next article useful.

The following article by Hupfarri-otto sheds light on some tips that will help you choose a good toilet bowl.

5 Tips for Choosing your Toilet Bowl

It is not difficult to buy a toilet bowl in Singapore. Many bathroom warehouses offer similar-looking modelsRead more here.

After reading the above article, you surely now know the single most important thing you need to consider before buying any toilet bowl – Quality. The article also unveiled some 5 tips that will help you narrow down the right toilet bowl for your bathroom. 

That said, if you are looking for something different from the regular toilet bowls on the market, the next article is for you.

The following article by Renonation is a detailed review of one of the best luxury toilet bowls in Singapore.

You’ll want to Visit the Toilet More Often

As a first time homeowner, we took great pride in finding the ideal toilet bowl and flush system for our master bedroomRead more here.

The above article has definitely broadened your perspective and helped you realize that all toilet bowls aren’t made the same. The Geberit Monolith Puro, which was reviewed in the article, is super easy to maintain, has water-saving features, easy to flush, and has a chic and luxurious design. If you have cash, you should consider purchasing it.

Final note

The toilet is one of the most important parts of the home, yet most people don’t pay attention to it.

See, you don’t have to be like everybody else, especially if your toilet bowl is old and ugly.

Changing your toilet bowl will not only make your bathroom look better but will also make you more comfortable and at ease when you are using it.

Before choosing any of the many high-quality toilet bowls in Singapore, it is critical that you first consider the design and aesthetics of your home and a few other factors.

Types of Cellulite Treatments Available in Singapore

Now, almost 85% of women in Singapore worry about their orange-colored peel skin that occurred by cellulite. It is tough for them wear certain clothing, because of the appearance of cellulite. Notably, they apply well-branded moisturizers to get a cure from this unwanted skin problem. Still, the results are unsuccessful in most cases. Also, they have changed their lifestyle to get rid of cellulite skin. Most attempt healthy eating plan instead of any junk foods, drink less amount of alcohol, and maintain a regular exercise plan. But they don’t get any visible outcomes. Frustrated, some will then turn to cellulite treatments for body at aesthetic clinics.

A Brief Idea on Cellulite Treatment

Cellulite removal action is a non-surgical, non-invasive skin fat reduction system. It is efficient enough to provide you soft, smooth skin texture on your lumpy areas. The experts prefer BTL Exilis Ultra with Acoustic Shockwave therapy to treat the removal of orange peel skin from the targeted area. Most surprisingly, from this treatment, the patients get back their smoother and glowing skin without any surgery and downtime. It may tighten up your skin and improves the elasticity of your skin.

Initial Steps and Prep to Treat Cellulite

The cellulite treatment starts with brushing your body to wake up your skin. Later, it follows to detox massage in the deeper tissues with the targeted areas of stubborn fatty cellulite cells. The process encourages to eliminate and release the toxins from the specific skin areas. The overall treatment followed by the therapeutic, detoxifying properties of essential oils to stimulate and clean excessive fat cells and body fluid from detox massage. It is a body toning and slimming treatment for improving the body contours and smoother skin.

Actual Process of Most Cellulite Treatments

Firstly, the BTL-X-Wave machine sends maximum energy vibrations into the soft tissues below the skin to break down and release fatty deposits. These excessive fatty cells are mainly responsible for appearing cellulite skin. When fatty tissues are broken down, these can be eradicated from the body through the lymphatic system as toxins and fluids. This newly invented technology also helps to booster collagen regeneration. The new collagen reforms, when vibrations break down the fat cells.

As a result, the new collagen ensures a stronger barrier to reduce the risk of developing cellulite cells again in the future. The patients can feel the positive outcomes within just four seasons. According to the registered beauty experts of Singapore, the BTL Exilis Ultra delivers ultrasound and radio-frequency therapy to firm the skin and eliminate cellulite tissues.

The application of radiofrequency therapy taken as the heating and cooling technique treats the body at different depths. The energy enters the deeper part of the skin of fat areas safely to break down the fatty cells. The therapist can control the temperature to make you comfortable at all the spheres during the treatment. 


Undoubtedly, different types of cellulite removal treatments are available in Singapore. Nevertheless, the customers should only patronize the government’s registered aesthetic and beauty clinics for both safe and effective results and treatments.

Fat Freezing: The Whole Truth

There are many types of fat reduction treatments available and many of your friends or colleagues might have seen benefits of such treatments but that doesn’t mean that such a process will work with you too.

Fat freezing is the latest technique that is used by therapists to remove fat from a specific area of the body. This process came into the world in the year 2010 when it has got approval from the FDA. Now, 10 years later, many studies have been performed and it is found that this is the safest and most successful treatment to reduce fat through fat freezing.

Let’s dig deeper into Fat Freezing

Fat freezing is typically and technically known as cryolipolysis which is a non-invasive method to freeze the fat cells so that to get rid of fat bulges. Fat freezing usually works by sucking the skin into a cup so that to crystallize the fat cells. The process doesn’t take more than an hour. The discomfort in this process is very minimal. People may only feel the cooling sensation initially and the area gets numb.

As per FDA, soon after the process, within 6 months an average of 19% of the fat has been reduced. This process is catching its fire all over the world. This process is also promoted by the dermatologists and medical practitioners too.

Understand the purpose and applications

If you are looking to forward to have this treatment, make sure you are aware of the limitations. Fat freezing is an intent to reduce the appearance of fat bulges and it’s not an obesity treatment. You can get a specific body part fat reduces like thighs, upper arm, abdomen, banana handles, and breasts.

What to expect post-treatment

After the treatment, the patient might not notice anything, but it might take from 4 months to 5 months to see the changes. You will also notice that you didn’t have any kind of weight loss. The most distressing condition of fat freezing is the reduction of men’s breast size. This is one of the most popular treatments in the list of fat freezing. This test has been performed on 21 men in the year 2015 and after some time, 89% of them have got an attractive chest and the rest are satisfied that they now don’t have to face any sort of embarrassment because of their bulgy chests. All of them felt that their quality of life has been improved and now they are more confident in front of people.

The risk only involves that there can be irregular and uneven fat removal, but you don’t have to worry, within a week or a month you will find that area is getting even.

All You Need to Know About Cryo Fat Freezing

There are many procedures of fat freezing and one of them is cryo fat freezing. Cryo fat freezing is a technique that is used to reduce body fat from a specific part of the body. Cryo fat freezing is a sculpting technology that allows one to remove the fat bulges of the body. This process is also known as cryolipolysis.

Cryolipolysis is a medical procedure that uses freezing temperatures to reduce fat. In this process, the temperature ranges from -5 to +5 deg Centigrade. This process helps by removing the stubborn fat from a specific part of a body.

Cryolipolysis basically is a non-invasive procedure in which a controlled temperature is applied to the body part which breaks down the fat cells resulting in fat loss. This process helps in maintaining the contours of the body. This process is completely safe and does not require any kind of cuts of surgeries. Cryolipolysis is approved by FDA and it is found that one can get up to 20% of fat reduction.

This process targets fatty areas that usually do not respond to any kind of exercise or a healthy diet. In the treatment, controlled freezing technology is used to crystallize the fat cells. In this process, only the fat cells are frozen keeping the rest of the tissues unharmed.

Within just a few minutes of treatment, you will feel intense cooling on the treating part of the body. You might feel some pulling sensation just because the machine uses suction to target an area. Within just some minutes, the area becomes numb and then it starts working on the fat cells.

After the treatment, you will feel some tickling sensation in the affected area as the area is messages for a couple of minutes. The fat cells are condensed which results in the reduction of the fat layer. You might not notice any kind of effect soon after the treatment but within just some weeks you will start feeling the change.

Who is suitable for such treatments?

This process is suitable for both men and women which includes the areas as flanks, abdomen, love handles, tummy, belly, and thighs. You must note that this process is not a weight-loss treatment or obesity treatment. People who are ideal for this have to undergo the treatment who have nearly ideal body weight. However, even after the treatment people have to follow a healthy diet along with regular exercise. You might also notice the stubborn bulges that are not disappeared.

Safety and side effects

This process is completely safe and has a high success rate than any other fat reduction process. There is very minimal downtime and you don’t need any kind of recovery period. Patients can even resume their day-to-day activities from the next day itself.

Possible side effects that may be seen immediately after the treatment are redness in the area, some itching, blanching, firmness, stinging and swelling. However, these are temporary and would be invisible within some days. Make sure that you give some time to see the effects.

What to Expect Before and After a Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee surgery is becoming one of the most common bone surgeries in most countries. Living with pained knees will really hinder you from doing things, from the simplest to complex things. Damaged knee cartilage will cause extreme pain due to bones grinding against each other when movement is detected. Knee replacement surgery helps in replacing the lost cartilage to restore its former function to the knee.

Many people who have gone through the surgery see a huge improvement in pain and their ability to get around. Arthroplasty is a knee replacement surgery that uses artificial parts as substitution of your knees. A makoplasty is also a common knee cap surgery that one can go for:

Relentless Pain Regardless of Medication

Before you even know you need a surgery, you must’ve experienced piercing pain and stiffness that makes it hard for you to climb stairs and to even walk, your rest is disrupted due to swelling of knees and knees defects. When you face this pain, no medication is helpful enough than the non-surgical treatment and the surgery itself. When dieting and exercising don’t make a chance to your damaged knees, refer to your doctor as soon as possible and surgery will be scheduled right away.

Preparing for Surgery

Before the surgery takes place, your surgeon will inquire for your medical history along with doing a physical examination including X-rays and blood tests to figure out how the damaged knees look like. From the X-ray, doctor will be able to identify how much muscles can support the knee and the movement of the joint. You are required to tell your doctor of the medication you are on. Eating 8 hours before surgery isn’t allowed.

It is said that patients who did knee-strengthening exercises in preparation for surgery sometimes recover more quickly than those who do not. Also, patients who have other medical conditions, are older, and smoke cigarettes may take a longer time to heal.

The Recovery Process

After the surgery happens, you can hardly feel your feet within 24 hours. Some may feel better, but some may feel worse than the arthritis itself. Fret not because the post-surgical pain is normal, and it happens to everyone who goes through the knee replacement surgery. If the pain is unbearable, doctors will treat the pain with pain-relief methods combination called multimodal analgesia to minimize the side effects.

Crutches, a cane or a walker, parallel bars may be needed in the first few days to strengthen the leg muscles. You should be assisted during these critical post-surgery hours by at least 1 person. You may also need to do training by walking a few hundred feet away over time. Discharge criteria may differ from each hospital. Some may want to see improvements beforehand. 

In conclusion, everyone needs to know what to expect before and after the knee replacement surgery, either to prepare yourself or in order to help assist someone in need, in the future. The pain felt post-surgery is temporary before the patient can finally get to fully use his or her knees back in normal again.

Types of Knee Cap Replacement Materials

Knee joint pain is related to deteriorating of knee cartilage called meniscus that functions as a shock absorber that has lost its function due to excessive weight being put on the joint. When knee cartilage broke down, all the sufferer feels is pain from the knee and downwards. Walking will feel like a total huge challenge, bending it would be a death wish.

Orthopedic surgeons highly recommend following a non-surgical treatment beforehand. If despite doing so still failing, then only will the experts suggest surgical knee cap replacement. For knee replacement surgery, we must know there are various knee parts and materials we can choose from, different types of implants and the reasons why only certain types match certain patients.

What types of materials are available?

Artificial knees are made of alloys of cobalt-chromium and titanium. No allergic reaction has been heard of over the decades of its usage. The knee implant can be designed with ceramic parts although it’s low in wear rate compared to metals due to FDA that hasn’t approved them for general use. Cemented model with external ligaments support is recommended for patients with weak and osteoporotic bone. While for healthy young people with physically demanding job, the ideal model is an uncemented knee design that allows bone preservation. Each of the material has its pro and cons and this can be discussed in detail with the doctors.

What types of implants?

There are more than 150 designs of knee implants up for demands on the market today. One of them is Posterior-Stabilized Designs where it substitutes cruciate ligaments part. PCL prevents thighbone from sliding forward too far on the shinbone when bending knee. Bruciate-Retaining Designs keeps both anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments and it’s new to the market. Another is unicompartmental implants. It is for partial knee replacement where only one side of knee joint is damaged. It’s used to resurface the other side. Tibial components consist of implants; fixed-bearing implants, and mobile-bearing implants. It differs in durability. Fixed mobile-bearing prosthesis wears down more quickly which causes more pain for the bones. Younger and overweight patients are suggested to go with mobile-bearing knee replacement which endures longer performance with less wear. Mobile bearing implants need support from soft tissues; ligaments around the knee or else it will easily be dislocated. Cost wise, mobile bearing implant costs more than fixed bearing implants.

Why doctors choose certain types over others?

Orthopedic doctors choose certain types of materials and implants due to long term results. They choose certain types due to durability and record of use of more than 5 years. Next, it’s because the surgeons are used to implanting those certain types for many times. Hence their expertise is in this implant type only. Lastly, surgeons choose certain types of knee replacement due to a patient’s condition, and this is one the major factors that will be considered.

Lastly, as consumers, we have every right to know the details of what we’re signing up for. As it will affect our daily living, therefore extreme precaution is needed. We need to know what knee replacement offers to us before making the decision.